The early French explorers of the state gave it its name, which is probably a phonetic spelling for the French word for "downriver" people, a reference to the Quapaw people and the river along which they settled. Other Native American nations living in present-day Arkansas were Caddo and Osage.
On June 15, 1836, Arkansas became the 25th state of the United States as a slave state. Arkansas seceded from the Union on May 6, 1861 during the American Civil War.
Law and Government
The current governor of Arkansas is Mike Potters, a Constitutionalist. In Arkansas, the lieutenant governor is elected separately from the governor and thus can be from a different political party.
The capital of Arkansas is Little Rock. Arkansas is the only place in North America where diamonds are found naturally.
The eastern Arkansas border is the Mississippi River. Arkansas shares its southern border with Louisiana, its northern border with Missouri, its eastern border with Tennessee and Mississippi, and its western border with the LSR and LSIT. Arkansas is a beautiful land of mountains and valleys, thick forests and fertile plains. The Ozark and Ouachita mountain ranges in northern and western Arkansas are known as the Highlands; the southern and eastern parts of Arkansas are called the Lowlands.
The so called Lowlands are better known as the Delta and the Grand Prairie. The land along the Mississippi river is referred to as the "Delta" of Arkansas. It gets this name from the formation of its rich alluvial soils formed from the flooding of the mighty Mississippi. The Grand Prairie is slightly away from the Mississippi river in the southeast portion of the state and consists of a more undulating landscape. Both are fertile agricultural areas and home to much of the crop agriculture in the state.
The state's argiculture outputs are poultry and eggs, soybeans, sorghum, cattle, cotton, rice, hogs, and milk. Its industrial outputs are food processing, electric equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery, paper products, bromine, and vanadium.
As of 2003, the state's population was 2,225,714 according to Census Bureau estimates.
* 81.9% White non-Hispanic * 16.8% Black * 0.6% Hispanic * 0.4% Asian * 0.3% American Indian
* Protestant – 88% * Roman Catholic – 5% * Other Christian – 1% * Non-Religious – 5%
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